EmployeeScreenIQ serves an impressive roster of clients ranging from Fortune 100 organizations to mid-size corporations representing a diversity of industries. So whether you employ people in Virginia, throughout the United States or in over 200 countries abroad, we are your one stop shop for employment background checks.

Listed below are some things that those who conduct employee background checks in the Commonwealth of Virginia should know.


State Capital



The commonwealth of Virginia has 95 counties and 38 independent cities (considered to be county equivalents).

State Court Structure

  • Trial Courts: The circuit court is the trial court with the broadest powers in Virginia and has the authority to hear felony criminal cases. The general district court handles traffic violations, hears misdemeanor criminal cases and conducts preliminary hearings for felony criminal cases.
  • Appellate Courts: Virginia’s intermediate appellate court, the Court of Appeals reviews decisions of the circuit courts in criminal cases, traffic infractions and domestic relations cases.
  • Supreme Court of Virginia: The Supreme Court is Virginia’s court of last resort and reviews decisions of the circuit courts and the Court of Appeals.

Federal Court Structure

Trial Courts:

  • United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia
  • United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia

Appellate Court:

  • Federal cases in Virginia are appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit

Ban the Box

  • Virginia does not have a statewide ban the box law.
  • City and County Ban the Box: Alexandria, Charlottesville, Danville, Fredericksburg, Newport News, Norfolk, Petersburg, Portsmouth, Richmond, Roanoke, Virginia Beach and Arlington and Fairfax counties.

Credit Reports

Virginia does not have a law that restricts the use of credit reports in the hiring process.

Other Limitations on Screening for Employers

Open arrests more than one year old may not be reported to employers. Employers may not inquire in an employment application about arrests or criminal charges that have been expunged. An inquiry into an expunged record may lead to discrimination claims under the Virginia Human Rights Act.

Medical Marijuana

Virginia does not have a medical marijuana law.

Social Media

The state of Virginia does not restrict or limit private employers from accessing and requesting employee/candidate log in information for personal social media accounts.

The information on this page is provided as general educational information and is not legal advice, either express or implied. Consultation with qualified legal counsel is recommended for all matters of employment law.